Osteoarthritis may be considered the medical term for joint ‘wear and tear’. It is a degenerative joint disease where the articular cartilage (soft structure on the end of your joints) wears away in parts.
OA often results in pain which decreases movement and function, leading to wasting of muscles and weakening of structures.
Symptoms of OA in the ankle are pain, decrease in function, stiffness and swelling and crepitus or creaking of the joint.
It is associated with increasing age and can result in pain, stiffness, swelling and poor joint positioning. There are different degrees of osteoarthritis and it doesn’t guarantee nor always directly correlate to symptoms.
Possible causes or contributors can include genetic risk factors; previous trauma, injuries or surgeries; age; being heavily overweight; poor muscle control or weakness; poor joint or movement biomechanics; and environmental factors, such as, previous sporting/activity levels, training surfaces and footwear.